How to Install CachetHQ on an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS
In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to install CachetHQ on an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS with MySQL and Apache2. CachetHQ makes it simple to create a status page for your application, service or network and it’s based on Laravel framework. This guide should work on other Linux VPS systems as well but was tested and written for Ubuntu 16.04 VPS.
At the time of writing this tutorial, Cachet v2.3.9 is the latest stable version available and it requires:
- PHP 5.5.9+ or newer installed on your Linux VPS;
- HTTP server with PHP support (eg: Apache, Nginx, Caddy)
- A supported database: MySQL, PostgreSQL or SQLite
Login to your VPS via SSH
Update the system
[user]$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y upgrade
Install MariaDB 10.0
To install MariaDB, run the following command:
[user]$ sudo apt-get install -y mariadb-server
Next, we need to create a database for our Cachet installation.
[user]$ mysql -u root -p MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE cachet; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cachet.* TO 'cachetuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> \q
Do not forget to replace ‘your-password’ with a strong password.
Install Apache2 web server
[user]$ sudo apt-get install apache2
Install PHP and required PHP modules
To install the latest stable version of PHP version 7 and all necessary modules, run:
[user]$ sudo apt-get install php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mbstring php7.0-curl php7.0-zip php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-xml curl
Enable the Apache2 rewrite module if it is not already done:
[user]$ sudo a2enmod rewrite
In order to activate the new configuration, restart the Apache web server using the following command:
[user]$ sudo service apache2 restart
Download the source code with Git
[user]$ sudo cd /var/www/html/ [user]$ sudo git clone https://github.com/cachethq/Cachet.git [user]$ sudo cd Cachet [user]$ sudo git checkout v2.3.9
All files have to be readable by the web server, so we need to set a proper ownership
[user]$ sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/Cachet/
Configuring a database
Rename the .env.example file to .env using the following command:
[user]$ sudo mv .env.example .env
Open the .env file and change the following lines:
[user]$ sudo nano .env APP_URL=http://localhost -> APP_URL=http://your-domain-name DB_DATABASE=cachet -> DB_DATABASE=your-database-name DB_USERNAME=homestead -> DB_USERNAME=your-database-username DB_PASSWORD=secret -> DB_PASSWORD=your-database-password
Composer is a dependency manager for PHP with which you can install packages. Composer will pull in all the required libraries and dependencies you need for your project.
[user]$ sudo curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
[user]$ sudo composer install --no-dev -o
Set the application key
Before going any further, we need to set the APP_KEY config. This is used for all encryption used in Cachet.
php artisan key:generate
Cachet comes with an installation command that will:
- Run migrations
- Run seeders (of which there are none)
php artisan app:install
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘cachet.conf’ on your virtual server:
[user]$ sudo touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/cachet.conf [user]$ sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/cachet.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/cachet.conf [user]$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/cachet.conf
Then, add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName your-domain.com # Or whatever you want to use ServerAlias www.your-domain.com # Make this the same as ServerName DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/Cachet/public" <Directory "/var/www/html/Cachet/public"> Require all granted # Used by Apache 2.4 Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Restart the Apache web server for the changes to take effect:
[user]$ sudo service apache2 restart
Open your favorite web browser, navigate to http://your-domain.com/ and if you properly configured everything the Cachet installer should be starting. You should follow the easy instructions on the install screen inserting the necessary information as requested.
That is it. The Cachet installation is now complete.
Of course, you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install Cachet for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.
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