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How to Install NextCloud 14 on CentOS 7

Nextcloud is one of the most popular free and open source self-hosted file sync and sharing application. You can use it to store your personal files, contacts, pictures, music and much more and it allows you to access them or share them with your friends at any time. It is a popular alternative to another widely used file hosting application called ownCloud. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install the latest version 14 of Nextcloud on CentOS.

Prerequisite

  • CentOS 7
  • SSH access with root privileges
  • PHP 7 or above

Step 1: Log in to your server via SSH:

# ssh root@IP_Address -p Port_number

Before starting, enter the command below to check whether you have the proper version of CentOS installed on your machine:

# cat /etc/redhat-release

which should give you the underneath output:

CentOS Linux release 7.5.1804 (Core)

Step 2: Update the system

Make sure your server is fully up to date:

# yum update

If your system has not been updated for a while, it will take a few minutes to completed.

# yum install -y epel-release

Step 3: Install Web Server

In this step, you can choose whether you want to install Apache or nginx.

Install Nginx web server

# yum install nginx

Enable nginx to start on boot and start the service using:

# systemctl enable nginx

# systemctl start nginx

Install Apache web server

If you would like to choose Apache instead of nginx, you can skip nginx installation above then install Apache.

# yum install httpd

Enable Apache to start on boot and start the service using:

# systemctl enable httpd

# systemctl start httpd

Step 4: Install PHP 7

The default PHP version on CentOS 7 is PHP 5.4 and Nextcloud 14 requires PHP 7 or above, in this step we will install PHP version 7.

Install Remi and EPEL repository packages:

# rpm -Uvh http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

Enable Remi PHP 7 repo:

# yum-config-manager –enable remi-php70

and install PHP 7 and several PHP modules required by Nextcloud by executing the following command:

# yum install php php-mysql php-pecl-zip php-xml php-mbstring php-gd php-fpm php-intl

Now, let’s find the following strings in /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

user = apache
group = apache

Replace the values with

user = nginx
group = nginx

Then, change the permission for PHP session directory, you need to skip this step if you want to use Apache instead of nginx.

# chown -R root:nginx /var/lib/php/session/

Finally, restart php-fpm

# systemctl restart php-fpm

Step 5: Install MariaDB database server

# nano /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo
# [mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.2/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1
# yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
# systemctl start mariadb
# systemctl enable mariadb
# systemctl status mariadb

At this point, MariaDB is running and we are now going to create a password for the root user. Run the following command to create a root password, remove the test database, remove the anonymous user then reload the privileges.

# mysql_secure_installation

Once created, you can test the password by invoking this command, you will be asked for the password:

# mysql -u root -p

Step 6: Create a database

# mysql -uroot -p -e "CREATE DATABASE nextcloud CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci"
# mysql -uroot -p -e "GRANT ALL on nextcloud.* to nextcloud@localhost identified by 'M0d1fyth15"
# mysql -uroot -p -e "FLUSH privileges"

Step 7: Configure Web Server

In the previous step, you chose a web server to install, now you will need to configure it.

Nginx configuration

If you want to use nginx, please create a configuration file for the nginx server block

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/yourdomain.com.conf
upstream php {
 server 127.0.0.1:9000;
 }

server {
 server_name yourdomain.com;

 add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
 add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;
 add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
 add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
 add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;

 # Path to the root of your installation
 root /var/www/nextcloud/;

  location = /robots.txt {
  allow all;
  log_not_found off;
  access_log off;
 }

 location = /.well-known/carddav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
 }

 location = /.well-known/caldav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
 }

 # set max upload size
 client_max_body_size 512M;
 fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

 # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
 gzip on;
 gzip_vary on;
 gzip_comp_level 4;
 gzip_min_length 256;
 gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
 gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

 location / {
  rewrite ^ /index.php$request_uri;
 }

 location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
  deny all;
 }
 location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
  deny all;
 }

 location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
  fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
  include fastcgi_params;
  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
  fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
  #Avoid sending the security headers twice
  fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
  fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
  fastcgi_pass php;
 
  fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
  fastcgi_request_buffering off;
 }

 location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
  try_files $uri/ =404;
  index index.php;
 }

 # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
 # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
 location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff|svg|gif)$ {
  try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
  add_header Cache-Control “public, max-age=15778463”;

  add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
  add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;
  add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
  add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
  add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
  # Optional: Don’t log access to assets
  access_log off;
 }

 location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
  try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
  # Optional: Don’t log access to other assets
  access_log off;
 }
}

Test nginx configuration file, then restart the service

nginx -t
systemctl restart nginx

Apache configuration

Create a virtual host configuration file for the domain you want to use to host Nextcloud.

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/yourdomain.com.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>

ServerAdmin admin@yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/nextcloud
ServerName yourdomain.com
ServerAlias www.yourdomain.com

<Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud>
Options +FollowSymlinks
AllowOverride All

<IfModule mod_dav.c>
Dav off
</IfModule>

SetEnv HOME /var/www/nextcloud
SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/nextcloud
</Directory>

ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/nextcloud-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/httpd/nextcloud-access_log common

</VirtualHost>

Go to Nextcloud’s official website and download the latest stable release of the application

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-14.0.0.zip

unpack the downloaded zip archive to the document root directory on your server

# unzip nextcloud-14.0.0.zip -d /var/www/
# mkdir /var/www/nextcloud/data
# chown -R nginx: /var/www/nextcloud

If you chose Apache, then you need to set the permission for Apache user
# chown -R apache: /var/www/nextcloud

You can now proceed with Nextcloud 14 installation via web installer at http://yourdomain.com, fill the blank as required, then click on the “Finish setup” button to finish it.

It is recommended to run the Nextcloud 14 in https mode. We will need to install an SSL certificate for this. In this step, we will show you how to install an SSL certificate from Letsencrypt.

# yum install certbot-nginx certbot-apache
# certbot

You will be asked for your email address then you need to agree with the ToS to proceed with the certificate installation.

If there is no issue when requesting the certificate, Certbot will automatically edit your existing nginx server block to install the certificate.

At this point, you can access your Nextcloud 14 installation on https://yourdomain.com

And that’s it, with the last step of this tutorial we have successfully installed Nextcloud 14 on your CentOs 7 and you can log in with the login credentials of your admin user. For more information, you can visit the official documentation of Nextcloud 14.

RoseHosting has been listed as a recommended Nextcloud hosting provider on the Nextcloud.com. If you want to try our fully managed Nextcloud VPS hosting, use the coupon code: 50FIRST to get 50% off your first-month invoice. We have 7 days money-back guarantee. If you are one of our clients, you don’t have to install Nextcloud 14 on CentOS 7, you can simply ask our system administrators to install and configure your Nextcloud instance on CentOS or any other Linux OS. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.


PS. If you liked this post, on How To Install Nextcloud 14 on CentOS 7, please share it with your friends on the social networks using the buttons on the left or simply leave a reply below. Thanks.

View Comments (16)

  • Thanks for this how-to.

    Step 5, I had to remove a '#' at the beginning of the file
    Step 7, im having an error using these directive: add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;

    nginx: [emerg] unknown directive "mode=block”" in /etc/nginx/conf.d/yourdomain.com.conf:9
    nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

    Any ideas ?

    • Hi Eric,

      Please make sure that there are straight double quotes on line 9 in the nginx configuration file. It should look like this:
      add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;
      instead of this:
      add_header X-XSS-Protection ^ ^ 1; mode=block ^ ^ ;

  • Following "Step 4: Install PHP 7" results in:

    Package php-5.4.16-45.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version

    Steps to reproduce:

    yum install -y epel-release

    Package epel-release-7-11.noarch already installed and latest version
    Nothing to do

    rpm -Uvh http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

    1:remi-release-7.5-2.el7.remi ################################# [100%]

    yum-config-manager –enable remi-php70

    yum-config-manager: command not found

    yum whatprovides yum-config-manager

    yum-utils-1.1.31-46.el7_5.noarch : Utilities based around the yum package manager

    yum install yum-utils

    Installed:
    yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-46.el7_5
    Complete!

    yum-config-manager -enable remi-php70

    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/yum/misc.py:133: UnicodeWarning: Unicode equal comparison failed to convert both arguments to Unicode - interpreting them as being unequal
    return lambda s: s.lower() == pat
    ===================================================== repo: remi-php70 =====================================================
    [remi-php70]
    async = True
    ...

    yum install php php-mysql php-pecl-zip php-xml php-mbstring php-gd php-fpm php-intl

    Package php-5.4.16-45.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version

  • Awesome write up! I had been running mine in a FreeBSD jail for sometime but wanted to move it to a BHYVE VM using CentOS. This write up was exactly what I needed. One note you might want to add to your write up. On a fresh install of CentOS 7 you will need to disable SELINUX otherwise you will go crazy trying to figure out why you keep getting PHP permissions denied on your Nextcloud install directory. Spent several hours on this before I realized this.

    edit /etc/selinux/config and change the lines noted below:

    Before:
    SELINUX=enforcing

    After:
    SELINUX=disabled

  • Thanks for this post. I've followed your instructions But I get this when I'm trying to reach the web install wizard :

    Internal Server Error

    The server encountered an internal error and was unable to complete your request.
    Please contact the server administrator if this error reappears multiple times, please include the technical details below in your report.
    More details can be found in the webserver log.

    Do you have any idea where I should look at ?

  • [Sat Jan 19 13:11:51.853417 2019] [:error] [pid 17285] [client 192.168.100.107:39162] {"reqId":"XEK-p9Zusp@H1WypjZoXyAAAAAE","level":3,"time":"2019-01-19T06:11:51+00:00","remoteAddr":"192.168.100.107","user":"--","app":"PHP","method":"GET","url":"\\/index.php","message":"chmod(): No such file or directory at \\/var\\/www\\/nextcloud\\/lib\\/private\\/Log\\/File.php#141","userAgent":"Mozilla\\/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko\\/20100101 Firefox\\/60.0","version":""}, referer: http://192.168.100.107/

    any ideas?, i got internal server error

    • This looks like a file permissions problem. Make sure that all file permissions are correctly set and owned by the nginx user as explained in our tutorial.

  • Hi, Very good writeup!

    I have been following the guide setting up an Centos 7 as a VM on Freenas.
    It's looks like it went well, only to the point where I can see the Nginx page, when going to http://mydomain.com/nextcloud
    this is what I get, instead of the nextcloud setup page:

    "Welcome to nginx on Fedora!
    This page is used to test the proper operation of the nginx HTTP server after it has been installed. If you can read this page, it means that the web server installed at this site is working properly.
    Website Administrator
    This is the default index.html page that is distributed with nginx on Fedora. It is located in /usr/share/nginx/html.
    You should now put your content in a location of your choice and edit the root configuration directive in the nginx configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.
    [ Powered by nginx ] [ Powered by Fedora ] "

    so I cannot see the nextcloud setup page https://mydomain.com/nextcloud, and therefore I'm stuck at step:

    "You can now proceed with Nextcloud 14 installation via web installer at http://yourdomain.com, fill the blank as required, then click on the “Finish setup” button to finish it."

    Many thanks for any advice.

    • Please go through Step 7 of the tutorial and make sure that the Nginx server block for your domain is properly created. You should also pay attention to the following line:
      root /var/www/nextcloud/;
      If your NextCloud installation is located in a different directory, you will need to update this line to match your actual location. Do not forget to reload/restart your Nginx after any changes have been made.

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