Joomla is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) for publishing web content. It is built on a model–view–controller web application framework that can be used independently of the CMS.
Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming (OOP) techniques and software design patterns, stores data in a MySQL, MS SQL or PostgreSQL database and includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, polls, search, and support for language internationalization.
It is an immensely popular and award-winning open source Content Management System (CMS) that has been downloaded over 50 million times.
Joomla CMS enables users to build websites and create potent online applications in an easy way.
Before you start the installation, please make sure that you have LAMP stack installed on your server. If not, follow our excellent tutorial about installing LAMP (Linux Apache, MariaDB & PHP) on a CentOS 7 VPS
We are using our SSD 1 VPS hosting plan for this tutorial.
UPDATE THE SYSTEM
First make sure your Linux VPS is fully up-to-date using the command below:
# yum update
Before we proceed you should customize your Firewall to allow external access to port 80 (http) and 443 (https). To do this please enter the following commands:
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http # firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https # firewall-cmd --reload
Enter a directory by your choice and download Joomla. For our purpoces we are using the /tmp directory.
# cd /tmp
Install wget and unzip using yum:
# yum install wget unzip
Now download the latest Joomla version:
# wget https://github.com/joomla/joomla-cms/releases/download/3.4.2/Joomla_3.4.2-Stable-Full_Package.zip
Then create a directory /var/www/html/joomla and unzip the Joomla zip file in the newly created folder:
# mkdir -p /var/www/html/joomla # unzip -q Joomla_3.4.2-Stable-Full_Package.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla
Give the appropriate permissions:
# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/joomla # chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla
CREATE MYSQL DATABASE:
Enter MySQL as root:
# mysql -u root -p mysql> CREATE DATABASE joomla; mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES on joomla.* to 'joomlauser'@'localhost' identified by 'your_password'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
# systemctl restart mysqld.service
Now you can finish your Joomla installation by opening your favorite web browser and navigate to: http://your_ip_address/joomla
Of course you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Linux VPS hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install Joomla for you.They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.
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