10 useful YUM commands in Linux

10 useful yum commands in linux

In this tutorial we are going to show you the most used 10 YUM commands in Linux. YUM is a command-line package management system that is used on CentOS and AlmaLinux.

YUM (shortcat for “Yellowdog Updater Modified“) package manager is responsible for managing the packages from the YUM repositories located on the server at /etc/yum.repos.d/. In this tutorial we are going to install, remove, update software packages with real example.

The YUM command examples will be explained on the CentOS 7 OS. Let’s get started!

Prerequisites

  • Fresh install of CentOS 7
  • User privileges: root or non-root user with sudo privileges

1. Update the System

After a fresh installation of the server, it is recommended to update the system packages to the latest versions available.

yum update -y && yum upgrade -y

These two yum commands are very often used, after some changes like adding repositories, and installing or removing packages.

2. Clear the yum Cache

Cleaning the yum cache is to reclaim the disk space. With the yum clean command we can clean the package headers, metadata, and packages. To clean all this stuff execute the following commands:

 yum clean headers

yum clean metadata

yum clean packages

To clean all information above in one command, execute the following line:

yum clean all

3. Search Package

To search some specific package names you can use the following command:

yum search PACKAGE NAME

For example, if we need the MariaDB package, we can simply execute the following line:

yum search mariadb

You will receive the following output, or similar like this:

[root@vps ~]# yum search mariadb
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.team-cymru.com
 * epel: ftp-chi.osuosl.org
 * extras: ftpmirror.your.org
 * updates: mirror.team-cymru.com
========================================================================= N/S matched: mariadb =========================================================================
mariadb-bench.x86_64 : MariaDB benchmark scripts and data
mariadb-devel.i686 : Files for development of MariaDB/MySQL applications
mariadb-devel.x86_64 : Files for development of MariaDB/MySQL applications
mariadb-embedded.i686 : MariaDB as an embeddable library
mariadb-embedded.x86_64 : MariaDB as an embeddable library
mariadb-embedded-devel.i686 : Development files for MariaDB as an embeddable library
mariadb-embedded-devel.x86_64 : Development files for MariaDB as an embeddable library
mariadb-libs.i686 : The shared libraries required for MariaDB/MySQL clients
mariadb-libs.x86_64 : The shared libraries required for MariaDB/MySQL clients
mariadb-server.x86_64 : The MariaDB server and related files
anope-mysql.x86_64 : MariaDB/MySQL modules for Anope IRC services
mariadb.x86_64 : A community developed branch of MySQL
mariadb-test.x86_64 : The test suite distributed with MariaD
percona-xtrabackup.x86_64 : Online backup for InnoDB/XtraDB in MySQL, Percona Server and MariaDB

4. Install Package

Next, we will install the MariaDB package, since we successfully listed with the search command above. To install the mariadb-server package execute the following command:

yum install mariadb-server

5. Reinstall Package

Let’s say that the installation of the previous command was somehow compromised and the package was not installed properly. We can easily reinstall the package with the command below:

yum reinstall mariadb-server

6. Update Specific Package

At the beginning of this tutorial we updated the whole system for the packages to get their latest versions available. We can update only a specific package if we do not want to wait longer for the update process. To update the MariaDB package execute the following command:

yum update mariadb-server

7. Information about a Specific Package

If we want to know more about some package, about its version, size, release or someting else we can execute the following command:

yum info mariadb-server

You should receive output similar to this:

[root@vps ~]# yum info mariadb-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.team-cymru.com
 * epel: ftp-chi.osuosl.org
 * extras: ftpmirror.your.org
 * updates: mirror.team-cymru.com
Installed Packages
Name        : mariadb-server
Arch        : x86_64
Epoch       : 1
Version     : 5.5.68
Release     : 1.el7
Size        : 58 M
Repo        : installed
From repo   : base
Summary     : The MariaDB server and related files
URL         : http://mariadb.org
License     : GPLv2 with exceptions and LGPLv2 and BSD
Description : MariaDB is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It is a
            : client/server implementation consisting of a server daemon (mysqld)
            : and many different client programs and libraries. This package contains
            : the MariaDB server and some accompanying files and directories.
            : MariaDB is a community developed branch of MySQL.

8. Remove Package

To remove the specific package we do not want anymore we can use the following command:

yum remove mariadb-server

After successful removing the package MariaDB you should receive the following output:

Running transaction
  Erasing    : 1:mariadb-server-5.5.68-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                 1/1
warning: /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log saved as /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log.rpmsave
  Verifying  : 1:mariadb-server-5.5.68-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                 1/1

Removed:
  mariadb-server.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.el7

Complete!

9. Enabled Yum Repositories

To check all enabled YUM repositories execute the following command:

yum repolist

You should receive the following output:

[root@vps ~]# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.team-cymru.com
 * epel: ftp-chi.osuosl.org
 * extras: ftpmirror.your.org
 * updates: mirror.team-cymru.com
repo id                                                           repo name                                                                                       status
base/7/x86_64                                                     CentOS-7 - Base                                                                                 10,072
epel/x86_64                                                       Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - x86_64                                                  13,755
extras/7/x86_64                                                   CentOS-7 - Extras                                                                                  509
updates/7/x86_64                                                  CentOS-7 - Updates    

10. YUM History

To see all the yum commands you executed before you can use the yum history command:

yum history

You should receive the output similar to this if you executed all the yum commands from the previous steps:

[root@vps ~]# yum history
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
ID     | Command line             | Date and time    | Action(s)      | Altered
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    53 | remove mariadb-server    | 2022-05-06 02:16 | Erase          |    1 EE
    52 | reinstall mariadb-server | 2022-05-06 01:36 | Reinstall      |    1
    51 | update -y                | 2022-05-05 02:38 | I, U           |    7
    50 | remove kernel-3.10.0-116 | 2022-04-05 04:27 | Erase          |    1
    49 | update                   | 2022-04-05 04:14 | I, U           |   16
  

That’s it. In the previous paragraphs were explained the most 10 used YUM commands in Linux. As you can see the commands were explained in the order you should use if you want to install and update the packages on your server. Of course, in the end, you will delete the packages you do not need.

If you need to install, delete or update YUM packages, and you do not know how to do that, you just need to sign up for one of our NVMe VPS plans, submit a support ticket and our admins will do the rest. We are available 24/7.

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