How to install Elefant CMS on Ubuntu 16.04

elefant cmsIn this tutorial, we will show you how to install Elefant CMS on an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS with Apache, PHP and MySQL installed on it. Elefant CMS is an open source CMS and web framework written in PHP that allows web developers to create everything from simple websites to complete web applications. This tutorial was tested and written for an Ubuntu VPS, but it should work on any Debian based Linux distribution.

This install guide assumes that Apache, MySQL and PHP are already installed and configured on your virtual server. At the time of writing this tutorial, the latest version of Elefant CMS is 1.3.12 and it requires:

  • PHP 5.3.x with the CURL PHP extension enabled;
  • Nginx web server or Apache web server >= 2.0 compiled with mod_rewrite module and with the following directives allowed: RewriteEngine, RewriteBase, RewriteCond and RewriteRule.;
  • MySQL, SQLite or PostgreSQL installed on your virtual server (MariaDB and Percona are also supported).

Let’s start with the installation. Make sure your server OS packages are fully up-to-date:

apt-get update 
apt-get upgrade

It is best to install Elefant CMS using Composer, so install Composer if it is not already installed by running the following commands:

apt-get install curl
cd /opt
curl -sS | php
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Download the latest version of Elefant CMS using the following commands:

cd /var/www
composer create-project elefant/cms --stability=dev

Do not forget to replace with your actual domain name.
Alternatively, if you do not want to use Composer, you can always download the latest version at , then extract the Elefant CMS archive to the /var/www/html/ directory on your server.
Next, create a new MySQL database for Elefant CMS to use and assign a user to it with full permissions:

mysql -u root -p
mysql> SET GLOBAL sql_mode='';
mysql> CREATE USER elefant;
mysql> CREATE DATABASE elefantdb;
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON elefantdb.* TO 'elefant'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> quit

Do not forget to replace ‘your-password’ with a strong password.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘elefant.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/elefant.conf

Edit the ‘elefant.conf’ configuration file:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/elefant.conf

and add the following lines to it:

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/
<Directory /var/www/html/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/ common

Then, run the following command:

ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/elefant.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/elefant.conf

Or, use the a2ensite to enable the ‘elefant.conf’ configuration in Apache:

sudo a2ensite elefant.conf

Set the proper file permissions for the Apache web server to write to the Elefant CMS document root (‘/var/www/html/’) directory:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/

Enable the Apache2 rewrite module if it is not already done so:

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Restart the Apache web server for the changes to take effect:

service apache2 restart

Open your favorite web browser, navigate to , start the installation process and follow the easy instructions:
Click ‘Next: License’ , accept the license, check if server requirements are met then click ‘Next:Database’ and enter the following information:
Driver: MySQL
Server: localhost
Port: 3306
Database: elefantdb
Username: elefant
Password: *your-password*
Click ‘Connect & Create Schema’, enter the site name and set the email address and password of the Elefant CMS administrative user.

That is it. The Elefant CMS installation is now complete.

Log in to the administration back-end of the Elefant CMS at and start using it, write a blog post, upload files etc.

Of course you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install Elefant CMS for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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