How to install Mailman on a VPS with DirectAdmin

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how to install mailman

This is a tutorial on how to install Mailman on a VPS with a DirectAdmin control panel installed on it.
Mailman is a free software for managing electronic mail discussion and e-newsletter lists.

 

 

To install it, execute the following commands:

cd /usr/local/src
/usr/sbin/useradd -r -s /bin/false mailman
mkdir /usr/local/mailman
chown mailman:mailman /usr/local/mailman
chmod 02775 /usr/local/mailman
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/mailman/mailman-2.1.15.tgz
tar xzf mailman-2.1.15.tgz
cd mailman-2.1.15
./configure --with-cgi-gid=apache
make
make install
chmod 755 /usr/local/mailman/cgi-bin
chmod u-s,g-s /usr/local/mailman/cgi-bin/*
chmod 777 /usr/local/mailman/logs
chown -R mailman:mailman /usr/local/mailman
chown nobody:mailman /usr/local/mailman/logs/error
/usr/local/mailman/bin/newlist -q -e your-hostname.com mailman mailman@your-hostname.com your_password

Please do not forget to change ‘your_password’ and ‘your-hostname.com’ accordingly.

Edit your ‘/etc/exim.conf’ Exim configuration file and add the following lines:

Before primary_hostname add:

MAILMAN_HOME=/usr/local/mailman
MAILMAN_WRAP=MAILMAN_HOME/mail/mailman

After begin routers add:

mailman_router:
driver = accept
require_files = MAILMAN_HOME/lists/$local_part/config.pck
local_part_suffix_optional
local_part_suffix = -bounces : -bounces+* : \
-confirm+* : -join : -leave : \
-owner : -request : -admin
transport = mailman_transport

After begin transports add:

mailman_transport:
driver = pipe
command = MAILMAN_WRAP \
'${if def:local_part_suffix \
{${sg{$local_part_suffix}{-(\\w+)(\\+.*)?}{\$1}}} \
{post}}' \
$local_part
current_directory = MAILMAN_HOME
home_directory = MAILMAN_HOME
user = apache
group = apache

Add the following lines to your ‘/etc/aliases’ file:

mailman:              "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman post mailman"
mailman-admin:        "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman admin mailman"
mailman-bounces:      "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman bounces mailman"
mailman-confirm:      "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman confirm mailman"
mailman-join:         "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman join mailman"
mailman-leave:        "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman leave mailman"
mailman-owner:        "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman owner mailman"
mailman-request:      "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman request mailman"
mailman-subscribe:    "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe mailman"
mailman-unsubscribe:  "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe mailman"

Then, execute the following commands:

newaliases

/usr/local/mailman/bin/config_list -i /usr/local/mailman/data/sitelist.cfg mailman

Create an init script:

vi /etc/init.d/mailman
#!/bin/sh
#
# mailman    This shell script starts and stops GNU Mailman.
PYTHON=/usr/bin/python
MAILMANHOME=/usr/local/mailman
MAILMANCTL=$MAILMANHOME/bin/mailmanctl

SRC_CRON_SCRIPT=$MAILMANHOME/cron/crontab.in
DST_CRON_SCRIPT=/etc/cron.d/mailman

function InstallCron()
{
    install -m644 -o root -g root $SRC_CRON_SCRIPT $DST_CRON_SCRIPT
}

function RemoveCron()
{
cat > $DST_CRON_SCRIPT <<EOF
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE!
#
# Contents of this file managed by /etc/init.d/mailman
# Master copy is /usr/local/mailman/cron/crontab.in
# Consult that file for documentation
EOF
}

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

RETVAL=0
prog="mailman"

function start()
{
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $PYTHON $MAILMANCTL -s -q start
    RETVAL=$?
    if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ]
    then
        touch /var/lock/subsys/$prog
        InstallCron
    fi
    echo
    return $RETVAL
}

function stop()
{
    echo -n $"Shutting down $prog: "
    daemon $PYTHON $MAILMANCTL -q stop
    RETVAL=$?
    if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ]
    then
        rm -f /var/lock/subsys/$prog
        RemoveCron
    fi
    echo
    return $RETVAL
}

function restart()
{
    stop
    start
    RETVAL=$?
    return $RETVAL
}

case "$1" in
'start')
    start
    RETVAL=$?
    ;;

'stop')
    stop
    RETVAL=$?
    ;;

'restart')
    restart
    RETVAL=$?
    ;;

'condrestart')
    $PYTHON $MAILMANCTL -q -u status
    retval=$?
    if [ $retval -eq 0 ]
    then
        restart
        RETVAL=$?
    fi
    ;;

'status')
    $PYTHON $MAILMANCTL -u status
    RETVAL=$?
    ;;

*)
    echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|condrestart}"
    ;;

esac
exit $RETVAL

Execute the following commands:

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mailman
chkconfig --add mailman

Edit the ‘mm_cfg.py’ file:

vi /usr/local/mailman/Mailman/mm_cfg.py
DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST = 'mail.your_domain.com'
DEFAULT_URL_HOST = 'www.your_domain.com'
IMAGE_LOGOS = '/mailman_images/'
add_virtualhost(DEFAULT_URL_HOST, DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST)
VIRTUAL_HOSTS = {'www.your-domain.com': 'your-domain.com'}

Add the following line to the ‘/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf’ Apache configuration file:

Include conf/extra/mailman.conf

Create a ‘mailman.conf’ configuration file (change ‘Your_IP_address’ with your actual IP):

vi /etc/httpd/conf/extra/mailman.conf
Alias /mailman_images/ /usr/local/mailman/icons/
Alias /mailman/archives/ /usr/local/mailman/archives/public/
Alias /pipermail/ /usr/local/mailman/archives/public/
ScriptAlias /mailman/ /usr/local/mailman/cgi-bin/
RedirectMatch ^/mailman[/]*$ http://Your_IP_address/mailman/listinfo

Create a ‘.htaccess’ file:

vi /usr/local/mailman/.htaccess
AuthName "Mailman"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /usr/local/mailman/cgi-bin/.htpasswd
require valid-user

Create a ‘.htpasswd’ file:

cd /usr/local/mailman/cgi-bin/
touch .htpasswd
htpasswd -c .htpasswd mailman

Restart your Exim and Apache services for the changes to take effect and start the Mailman service:

/etc/init.d/exim restart
/etc/init.d/httpd restart
/etc/init.d/mailman start

That’s it. You should be able to create a new mailing list by entering the relevant information at:

https://Your_IP_address/mailman/create
username: mailman
password: your_password

Of course you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install this for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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