How to Install MongoDB on Debian 9

How to Install MongoDB on Debian 9

In today’s article we are going to show you how to install MongoDB on Debian 9. MongoDB is a free and open-source NoSQL document-oriented database which is platform oriented. It stores all data in documents using JSON format (BSON) which makes the data to be highly flexible. MongoDB comes in Community and Enterprise editions. The Enterprise edition provides additional administration, authentication, and monitoring features. Community edition is the free and open source release of MongoDB and we will install it in this tutorial on a Debiab 9 VPS.

Some of the key features of MongoDB are listed below:
– High Performance Data persistence
– Can be used as a file storage
– Supports Rich Query Language
– High Availability
– Deep Query-Ability.
– Horizontal Scalability
– Support for Multiple Storage You can Engines such as WiredTiger Storage Engine and MMAPv1


– Debian 9 VPS – 64bit – MongoDB only provides packages for 64-bit builds of Debian 9.
– SSH access with root privileges (All our VPS hosting plans come with full root access).

Installing MongoDB on Debian 9

Login to the server and update the system

Login to your Debian 9 VPS via SSH as user root

ssh root@IP_Address -p Port_number

and before we start installing MongoDB, make sure that all installed packages are updated to the latest available version

apt update && apt update

Add MongoDB’s official repository

MongoDB can be installed from the official Debian 9 repository, but this package is not maintained by the MongoDB team and it is not an official release by MongoDB. So, in order to install the official MongoDB package which is always kept updated, we need to add the MongoDB repository to the server. First of all we will import the MongoDB public key, to ensure package consistency and authenticity. Run the following command

apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4


Executing: /tmp/apt-key-gpghome.BvSKWq7GUg/ --keyserver hkp:// --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
gpg: key 68818C72E52529D4: public key "MongoDB 4.0 Release Signing Key <>" imported
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:               imported: 1

The next step is to add the repository by creating a ‘/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.0.list’ file using the following command:

echo "deb stretch/mongodb-org/4.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.0.list

Once the repository is added, update the local package database

apt update

Install MongoDB on Debian 9

We’ve added the official MongoDB repository to our Debian 9 VPS, so we are ready to start installing the latest version of MongoDB simply by executing the following command on the server

apt -y install mongodb-org

Check the version of MongoDB installed on the server

mongo -version


MongoDB shell version v4.0.0
git version: 3b07af3d4f471ae89e8186d33bbb1d5259597d51
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.1.0f  25 May 2017
allocator: tcmalloc
modules: none
build environment:
    distmod: debian92
    distarch: x86_64
    target_arch: x86_64

So, we successfully installed MongoDB version 4.0.0 which at the moment of writing this article is the latest stable release.

You can also install any specific version of MongoDB you need. If you need an older version of MongoDB, for example 3.0.12 you can install it by executing the following command.
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org=3.0.12 mongodb-org-server=3.0.12 mongodb-org-shell=3.0.12 mongodb-org-mongos=3.0.12 mongodb-org-tools=3.0.12

Please note that the version of MongoDB you specified and installed on the server will be automatically upgraded when a new version is released. In order to prevent this, we will put the package on “hold”. This way the MongoDB package cannot be installed, upgraded, or removed until the hold mark is removed. You can achieve this issuing the following commands

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echo "mongodb-org hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections

Once MongoDB is installed, start the service

service mongod start

and verify that the mongod process is running

serive mongod status


● mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2018-07-17 11:51:26 CDT; 21s ago
 Main PID: 21205 (mongod)
   CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service
           └─21205 /usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf

That’s all, MongoDB is successfully installed and running on your Debian 9 VPS. For more information and instructions on how to use MongoDB, please check their official documentation.

You can also check our tutorials on how to install MongoDB on Ubuntu 16.04 VPS or CentOS VPS.

Install MongoDB on Debian 9 Of course, if you are one of our MongoDB Hosting customers, you don’t have to Install MongoDB on your Debian 9 VPS, simply ask our admins, sit back and relax. Our admins will Install MongoDB on Debian 9 for you immediately.

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