Today we will discuss how do you install Python 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04. Python is a high-level, interpreted, interactive and object-oriented scripting language, and it is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. Python is designed to be highly readable and it can be used to build just about anything. It is using English keywords instead of punctuation and it also has fewer syntactical constructions than other programming languages.
Python allows programmers to use different programming styles for creating their programs, get quicker results and write code almost as if speaking in a human language. Some of the most popular systems and applications in the world that have employed Python during development include Google Search, YouTube, Google App Engine, Maya, and many more. Installing Python 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04 is an easy task, just follow the steps in this tutorial carefully, and you should have Python 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04 installed in few minutes. Let’s get started with the installation.
Python 2.7 and Python 3.5 are installed on Ubuntu 16.04 by default. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the steps of installing the latest Python 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04.
We have an update version of this tutorial on installing Python 3.9 on Ubuntu 20.04.
1. Login via SSH and update all installed packages
First of all, login to your Ubuntu 16.04 VPS via SSH as user root
ssh root@IP_Address -p Port_number
and update all installed packages
2. Check the currently installed version of Python
To check the currently installed version of Python, execute the following command
# python -V Python 2.7.12
To check the Python 3 version, use the following command
# python3 -V Python 3.5.2
There are two methods of installing Python 3.6 on an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS, from source, and from PPA.
3. Install Python 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04, from source
In order to install the latest Python 3.6 release for Linux/UNIX, go to their official website and download its source code to your server. At the moment of writing this article, it is version 3.6.3
cd /opt wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.6.3/Python-3.6.3.tgz
and unpack the downloaded archive
tar -xvf Python-3.6.3.tgz
4. Method 1: Run the “configure” script
Change the current working directory and run the ‘configure’ script
cd Python-3.6.3 ./configure
If there are no errors, run the following commands to complete the installation process of Python 3.6
make make install
If you get the following error message
zipimport.ZipImportError: can't decompress data; zlib not available
install the ‘zlib1g-dev’ package
apt-get install zlib1g-dev
are run ‘make’ and ‘make install’ again.
That’s all. Python 3.6 should be successfully installed at this point. You can check this with the following command
# python3.6 -V Python 3.6.3
5. Method 2: Install Python 3.6 from PPA
You can also install Python 3.6 from J Fernyhough’s Personal Package Archive (PPA).
Install the following requirements
apt-get install software-properties-common python-software-properties
Run the following command to add the PPA
# add-apt-repository ppa:jonathonf/python-3.6 Press [ENTER] to continue or ctrl-c to cancel adding it
and press enter to continue.
6. Update the repositories
update the repositories
7. Install Python version 3.6 on Ubuntu 16.04
and finally, install Python version 3.6
apt-get install python3.6
7. Verify Python 3.6.3 installation
Once it is installed, you can verify the installed version by executing the following command
# python3.6 -V Python 3.6.3
To learn more about Python version 3.6 check their official release notes.
See also – How to Install Python 3.6.4 on CentOS 7
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There is a new updated article on how to install Python 3.9 on Ubuntu 20.04.