How to install GlassFish 4 on an Ubuntu VPS

glassfish vpsThis tutorial will show you how to install GlassFish 4 and JDK (Java SE Development Kit) on a VPS with Ubuntu 14.04 installed on it.

GlassFish is an open source application server that implements the newest features in the Java EE 7 platform. GlassFish 4 requires JDK version 1.7 installed on your Linux VPS.

To install Oracle JDK 1.7 on your server, use the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

Verify that JDK is installed on your Ubuntu VPS:

#javac -version
javac 1.7.0_60

The next step is to download and unpack the GlassFish archive. At the time of writing this tutorial, the latest stable version is GlassFish 4.0 . Once you have the package, unpack it into the directory of your choice (in this tutorial we use ‘/opt’ for the GlassFish 4 installation). So, download and unpack GlassFish 4:

cd /opt/

It is recommended practice to run GlassFish as its own user and to do this we will create a GlassFish user:

useradd glassfish
chown -R glassfish:glassfish /opt/glassfish4

In order to make an init script for the GlassFish service, create a ‘glassfish’ file to the ‘/etc/init.d’ directory on your server:

vi /etc/init.d/glassfish

Add the following lines:

# description: Startup script for Glassfish Application Server
# processname: glassfish


start() {
echo -n "Starting Glassfish: "
su $GLASSFISH_USER -c "$GLASSFISH_HOME/bin/asadmin start-domain domain1"
sleep 2
echo "done"

stop() {
echo -n "Stopping Glassfish: "
su $GLASSFISH_USER -c "$GLASSFISH_HOME/bin/asadmin stop-domain domain1"
echo "done"

case "$1" in
echo $"Usage: glassfish {start|stop|restart}"

If you want to add this service to be started on boot up, you can simply use the following command:

update-rc.d glassfish defaults

Make the ‘glassfish’ script executable:

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/glassfish

To start GlassFish, use the following command:

sudo /etc/init.d/glassfish start

To stop GlassFish, use the following command:

sudo /etc/init.d/glassfish stop

In case you encounter problems while stopping the GlassFish service, you can always use the kill command:

sudo killall -9 java

The GlassFish service can be restarted by either issuing a combination of stop and start commands or using:

sudo /etc/init.d/glassfish restart

Open your favorite web browser and access GlassFish using

You could download a sample WAR file:

cd /opt

To deploy the downloaded application, copy ‘hello.war’ file to the ‘/opt/glassfish4/glassfish/domains/domain1/autodeploy’ directory on your server, or execute the following command:

cd /opt/glassfish4/glassfish/bin
./asadmin deploy hello.war

Open and test the sample web application.

To turn the remote administration on and access the GlassFish admin console via web browser, execute the following commands:

cd /opt/glassfish4/glassfish/bin
./asadmin --user admin
asadmin> change-admin-password
./asadmin --host --port 4848 enable-secure-admin

Now you can access the GlassFish admin console using

Of course you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install GlassFish for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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