How to Install NextCloud on Ubuntu 22.04

how to install nextcloud on ubuntu 22.04

In this blog post, we are going to explain step-by-step how to install the latest NextCloud on Ubuntu 22.04.

NextCloud is an open-source cloud storage service used to store, share, and sync data across multiple devices. NextCloud storage software is written in PHP and Javascript, which makes it very easy to install. In this tutorial, we are going to install and set up NextCloud with the LAMP stack.

Installation of NextCloud with the LAMP stack may take up to 15 minutes. Let’s get things working!

Prerequisites

  • A server with Ubuntu 22.04 as OS
  • User privileges: root or non-root user with sudo privileges
  • NVMe 1 VPS plan (1GB of RAM and 1 CPU core)

Step 1. Update the System

Before we install the NextCloud storage service we will update the system packages to the latest versions available.

sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y

Step 2. Install Apache Web Server

Install the Apache Web server with the following command:

sudo apt install apache2

Once installed, start and enable the service.

sudo systemctl enable apache2 && sudo systemctl start apache2

Check if the service is up and running:

sudo systemctl status apache2

You should receive the following output:

root@host:~# sudo systemctl status apache2
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Tue 2022-05-17 22:03:46 UTC; 4 days ago
       Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/
   Main PID: 84157 (apache2)
      Tasks: 8 (limit: 4566)
     Memory: 33.2M
        CPU: 5min 21.702s
     CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service
             ├─ 84157 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150719 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150720 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150721 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150722 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150723 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─150724 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             └─150943 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

May 18 00:00:04 host.test.vps systemd[1]: Reloading The Apache HTTP Server...

Step 3. Install PHP8.1 with dependencies

To install the PHP8.1 along with extensions execute the following command:

sudo apt-get install php8.1 php8.1-cli php8.1-common php8.1-imap php8.1-redis php8.1-snmp php8.1-xml php8.1-zip php8.1-mbstring php8.1-curl php8.1-gd php8.1-mysql

Step 4. Install MariaDB database server

To install the MariaDB database server, execute the command below.

sudo apt install mariadb-server

Start and enable the mariadb.service with the following commands:

sudo systemctl start mariadb && sudo systemctl enable mariadb

Check the status of the mariadb.service

sudo systemctl status mariadb

You should receive the following output:

root@host:~# sudo systemctl status mariadb
● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.6.7 database server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Mon 2022-05-16 19:40:12 UTC; 5 days ago
       Docs: man:mariadbd(8)
             https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/
   Main PID: 42716 (mariadbd)
     Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..."
      Tasks: 7 (limit: 4566)
     Memory: 56.9M
        CPU: 2min 51.567s
     CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
             └─42716 /usr/sbin/mariadbd

May 16 19:40:12 host.test.vps mariadbd[42716]: Version: '10.6.7-MariaDB-2ubuntu1'  socket: '/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock'  port: 3306  Ubuntu 22.04
May 16 19:40:12 host.test.vps systemd[1]: Started MariaDB 10.6.7 database server.

To check the installed MariaDB database version you can execute the following command:

mysql -V

You should receive the following output:

root@vps:~# mysql -V
mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.6.7-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using  EditLine wrapper

Step 5. Create Database and Database User

We need to create a database, and database user before we install the NextCloud.

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YourStrongPasswordHere';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit;

Step 6. Install Nextcloud

The latest stable version of NextCloud is NextCloud 24.0.1 go into the Apache document root and download the latest version:</p

cd /var/www/html

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-24.0.1.zip

Once the installation is downloaded, extract it with the following command.

unzip nextcloud-24.0.1.zip

After extracting, we need to set up the right permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud

Step 7. Create Apache Virtual Host File

In order can access NextCloud via domain name we need to create Apache Virtual Host file.

First, create the configuration file with the following command:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

Open the file, and paste the following lines of code:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/nextcloud

<Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/>
 Require all granted
 Options FollowSymlinks MultiViews
 AllowOverride All
 <IfModule mod_dav.c>
 Dav off
 </IfModule>
</Directory>

ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/yourdomain.com.error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/yourdomain.com.access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Enable the Apache2 confguration file and other modules:

sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Check the syntax of the Apache2 configuration.

apachectl -t

You should receive the following output:

root@host:~# apachectl -t
Syntax OK

If you receive this output you can safely restart the Apache service.

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 8. Finish NextCloud Installation

Once, the Apache service is restarted, you can acceess the NextCloud at http://YourDomain to finish the installation.

Set up the Username and the Password

Scroll down and enter the database credentials you created before in Step 5.

On the next window install the recommended apps:

Once the installation is completed, you should be redirected to the following window:

That’s it. You successfully installed NextCloud on Ubuntu 22.04 OS. If you find it difficult to install and configure this setup, just contact our technical support and they will do the rest for you. We are available 24/7. All you need to do is to sign up for our NVMe 1 GB VPS plan and submit a support ticket.

If you liked this post on how to install NextCloud on Ubuntu 22.04, please share it with your friends on the social networks using the buttons on the left or simply leave a reply below. Thanks.

Leave a Comment

To prove you are human please solve the following *