In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Odoo 12 on Debian 9. Additionally, we will show you how to install and configure the Apache web server as a reverse proxy for your Odoo application. Odoo is a web-based open source business software including a number of business applications for Sales, Project and Warehouse management, CRM, Website/eCommerce, billing, accounting, inventory and thousands of more additional modules developed by the community. For the purposes of this tutorial, we will be using the Odoo 12 Community Edition. Installing Odoo 12 on Debian 9 should take less than 10 minutes to complete. Let’s get started with this tutorial.
- Debian 9 VPS
- PostgreSQL server
- Python version 3.5
- Apache web server
- SSH access with root privileges
Table of Contents
1. Connect to your server
To connect to your server via SSH as user root, use the following command:
ssh root@IP_ADDRESS -p PORT_NUMBER
and replace “IP_ADDRESS” and “PORT_NUMBER” with your actual server IP address and SSH port number.
Once logged in, make sure that your server is up-to-date by running the following commands:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
2. Install PostgreSQL Server
We will be using PostgreSQL as a database server for our Odoo application. To install PostgreSQL on your server, run the following command:
apt-get install postgresql -y
3. Enable PostgreSQL on Start Up
After the installation is complete, make sure to enable the PostgreSQL server to start automatically upon server reboot with:
systemctl enable postgresql
4. Install Odoo on Debian 9
Because Odoo is not available in the official Debian 9 repository, we will need to manually add the Odoo repository before we can do the installation. To do this, run the following commands:
wget -O - https://nightly.odoo.com/odoo.key | apt-key add - echo "deb http://nightly.odoo.com/12.0/nightly/deb/ ./" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/odoo.list
Update the list of available packages with:
And run the following command to install Odoo, along with Python and all required Python modules:
apt-get install odoo
After the installation is complete, you can run the following command to check the status of your Odoo service:
systemctl status odoo
● odoo.service - Odoo Open Source ERP and CRM Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/odoo.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Wed 2018-10-10 10:59:04 CDT; 4s ago Main PID: 10951 (odoo) CGroup: /system.slice/odoo.service └─10951 /usr/bin/python3 /usr/bin/odoo --config /etc/odoo/odoo.conf --logfile /var/log/odoo/odoo-server.log
You will also need to set a new master password. To do this you need to edit the Odoo configuration file with:
And change admin_password field with a strong password. You can also generate one from the command line.
admin_passwd = StrongPassword
After you made the changes, restart your Odoo with:
systemctl restart odoo
To access Odoo, you can now open your browser and navigate to http://your-server-IP:8069
5. Setting up Apache as a Reverse Proxy
If you have a valid domain name and you would like to use it in order to access your Odoo application instead of typing the IP address and the port number in the URL, we will now show you how to set up a reverse proxy using the Apache web server.
We will start by installing the Apache web server. Apache is considered as the most widely used web server software. It is fast, secure, reliable and can be easily customized depending on your needs.
To install Apache on your server, run the following command:
apt-get install apache2
After the installation is complete, you should enable Apache to start automatically upon system boot. You can do that with the following command:
systemctl enable apache2
To verify that Apache is running, open your web browser and enter your server IP address, (e.g. http://111.222.333.444). If Apache is successfully installed you should see a message saying “It works!”.
Next, we will need to enable some additional proxy modules for Apache. You can do this with the following commands:
a2enmod proxy a2enmod proxy_http
Once this is done, open a new configuration file for your domain with the following command:
And enter the following:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName my_domain.com ServerAlias www.my_domain.com ProxyRequests Off <Proxy *> Order deny,allow Allow from all </Proxy> ProxyPass / http://my_domain.com:8069/ ProxyPassReverse / http://my_domain.com:8069/ <Location /> Order allow,deny Allow from all </Location> </VirtualHost>
Enable “my_domain.conf” configuration in Apache using:
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/my_domain.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/my_domain.conf
6. Restart Apache Web Server
Remember to replace your my_domain.com’ with your actual domain name. Save the file, close it and restart Apache for the changes to take effect:
service apache2 restart
That’s it. If you followed all the instructions properly you can now access your Odoo 12 using your domain name at http://my_domain.com
Initially, you would be asked to create a new database using the master password we have set up earlier. Once the database is created, you will get redirected to the admin panel from where you can log in as the admin user. After you have successfully logged in, you can start using your Odoo 12 and configure it to your needs, install additional modules etc.
Of course, you don’t have to know how to install Odoo 12 on Debian 9 if you have an Odoo VPS Hosting with us. You can simply ask our administrators to install Odoo 12 on Debian 9 for you. They’re available 24/7 and will be able to help you with the installation of Odoo 12 on Debian 9. For more updates, you can also read our guide on How to Install Odoo 12 on Debian 10 with Nginx as a Reverse Proxy.
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